On November 6, 1863, the federal army of Brigadier General William W. Averell, in his second attempt to disrupt the Virginia-Tennessee Railroad at Salem, Virginia, faced again the Confederate troops of Brigadier General John Echols. Throughout the morning, Echols' smaller Confederate Army held the high ground and blocked the roadway with artillery, but in the afternoon was overwhelmed by the crushing advance of Federal Infantry on his left flank.
Following the collapse of his lines, General Echols retreated south into Virginia with the remnants of his command. Federal troops occupied Lewisburg on November 7, but were burdened with prisoners and captured livestock; General Averell elected to return to his headquarters in Beverly. He waited until early December to lead a third and ultimately successful attack on the vital railroad.
Operations in the Shenandoah Valley in the spring of 1864 drew remaining confederate troops out of West Virginia, thus leaving the new state securely under the control of the federal government for the remainder of the war.
The battlefield site was purchased by the state in 1928 and dedicated on July 4, 1929 as a memorial to the casualties of the battle. The Park was rebuilt through the efforts of the Civilian Conservation Corps who built a system of trails and a wooden observation tower. Land acquisitions over the years resulted in the 267 acres the Park boasts today.
Droop Mountain Battlefield State Park is located in the southern portion of Pocahontas County and is the site of West Virginia's last significant Civil War battle.